2016. február 13., szombat

Installing/configuring SolrCloud (5.4.1) and ZooKeeper (3.4.6)

The purpose of this entry is to give a complete tutorial to setup SolrCloud with an external ZooKeeper with a single collection. The post is based on Andrew Rowland's Install Solr 5 and Zookeeper in a production environment tutorial, but some other related problems are discussed here too, for example how to set ZooKeeper to support large files, how to use external libraries in Solr, etc.

The setup

The setup is as seen above: we are given a collection of some data, and we want to create 4 shards with 3 replications. Of course, these numbers (i.e. the number of shards and replicas) can be modified arbitrarily. However, we will use these in the description.
We assume we have 3 servers we want to install Solr+ZooKeeper on. Thus on each server a Solr service and a ZooKeeper server is to be installed. ZooKeeper will store the configuration files and will realize the communication between the separate instances. The cluster will function until the majority (>50%) of the ZooKeeper instances function, but one can still do queries, even if the cloud is not functioning (this was not tested yet, only red in the documentation).

ZooKeeper install and configuration

To install ZooKeeper, one just has to download the compressed package and decompress it. The configuration is done through cfg files, usually stored in the conf subdirectory. Each server will have a unique id, a number between 1 and 255. Likewise, each server has to specify its own directory where the files and configuration stuff are stored. In the specified directory a file called myid must be created with the chosen unique id residing in it.
We will create 3 servers (now on localhost, but in case of physically different servers one can easily modify the corresponding IPs) identified by 1, 2 and 3, and having communication ports towards Solr 2181, 2182 and 2183. They also have to communicate between each other, and these communication ports will be 2888:3888, 2889:3889, 2890:3890, where the first one is used by the followers to connect to the leader and the second one is for leader election (see the ZooKeeper documentation for more details).
The directories we use will be: /var/lib/zookeeperdata/1, /var/lib/zookeeperdata/2 and /var/lib/zookeeperdata/3.
Without commenting on the meaning of the other parameters we list here the contents of the configuration files:

In order to be able to store and work with larger files one has to set the jute.maxbuffer parameter (in all clients and servers) to the desired maximum value, which by default is set to 1MB. This must be done usually, since the synonym files tend to be larger than 1MB. Thus, we set parameter in the following locations:

  1. in zkCli.sh script from the bin subdirectory of ZooKeeper: add it after the (last) "$JAVA" command, that is "$JAVA" "-Djute.maxbuffer=20000000" ...
  2. in zkServer.sh at the start option: nohup "$JAVA" "-Djute.maxbuffer=20000000" ...
  3. it has to be in Solr too (in 2 places), but we will specify exactly how to parametrize Solr in the next section.

Starting ZooKeeper servers

Stopping ZooKeeper servers


With this script you can connect to specific ZooKeeper server and execute some commands, such as list the files stored in ZK, put/get files, get information regarding the leaders, etc. The Solr configurations are stored in the configs directory, while the leaders information are stored in the /collections folder.

Solr install and configuration

We can simply install Solr as service by downloading it, extracting the install_solr_service.sh script from its bin folder, and executing the following commands (each on a given server):
Thus we install Solr as service on each server under the names solr, solr2 and solr3 on ports 8983, 8984, 8985, respectively. By default, Solr will be installed to /opt/solr-5.4.1 with symbolic links to /opt/solr, /opt/solr2 and /opt/solr3. For storing Solr data directories /var/solr, /var/solr2 and /var/solr3 are used.
Configuring Solr in done through the solr.in.sh (solr2.in.sh, solr3.in.sh) script, which in the newer Solr versions resides in /etc/default. Here we need to set 3 things:

  1. set the addresses of the ZooKeeper servers (ensemble):
  2. set the jute.maxbuffer parameter:
  3. set SolrCloud mode (this is quite optional, only the 1. step is mandatory when using SolrCloud):
The jute.maxbuffer parameter has to be set in one more location: in Solr's zkcli.sh script, different from zkCli.sh of ZooKeeper, residing in the server/scripts/could-scripts subdirectory of Solr:
Now lets start first the ZooKeeper servers (as shown above) and the Solr instances on every server:
The next step is to create a collection (collection1) using an existing configuration (this can be done in other ways too, but in my opinion, this is the most straightforward way):
Now in Solr's Cloud view (http://localhost:8983/solr/#/~cloud) must appear the cluster graphs shown at the beginning of this tutorial.

Using "external" libraries

If using external libraries (e.g. using ICUFoldingFilterFactory and ICUTokenizerFactory in schema.xml), in solrconfig.xml we have to specify where the corresponding jars can be found. We can accomplish this by simply using the <lib ... /> tag in solrconfig.xml:

Testing the system

To test the system one has to upload some data to the collection:
where data.xml contains some data using the given schema. By default, all the results from the existing shards will be combined and returned, but if only some shards we are interested in, one can specify this using the shards parameter:

(Mysterious?) Errors and warnings

Sometimes SolrCloud will return you some errors and warnings and may show unexpected behaviour. In these situations (usually when updating the collection) the Solr server (service) restarts solved the problem.

1 megjegyzés:

  1. Can you please provide me steps for windows server.I am not able to access nodes from different windows servers